World's earliest recognised "temple" may have actually been a house

The buildings at Göbekli, a hilltop just outside of the Turkish city of Urfa, were found in 1995 by Klaus Schmidt of the German Archaeological Institute and colleagues from the ?anl?urfa Museum in Turkey. The oldest of the structures at the site are immense buildings with large stone pillars, many of which feature carvings of snakes, scorpions, foxes, and other animals.

A reaprraisal of evidence of occupation on the site has led to an alternative theory that people actually lived inside the buildings in large communities.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-10/uocp-aaw100611.php

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe