Urban Update 13 January 2014

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INTERNATIONAL URBAN DESIGN NEWS

Australia

Malcolm Snow to head National Capital Authority

Mr Snow has won the Australian Award for urban design three times.

http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/awardwinning-urban-planner-malcolm-snow-to-head-national-capital-authority-20131229-301v4.html

 

City of Sydney and Transport for NSW sign on standards for New Light Rail

http://www.newsmaker.com.au/news/28616/light-rail-agreement-ensures-city-transformation#.UshNRbTpxiY

 

India

Mapping Lahore through Urban Design

http://www.brecorder.com/brief-recordings/0:/1265919:mapping-lahore-through-urban-design-lab-founder-occo/?date=2013-12-20

 

Mumbai Civic body sets up think tank to help solve traffic woes

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-12-31/mumbai/45738929_1_cycling-tracks-transport-pedestrian-plazas

New Zealand

Paving way to urban vitality

“It's about creating a sense of home” - David Engwicht

http://www.stuff.co.nz/manawatu-standard/news/9559565/Paving-way-to-urban-vitality

 

Making Christchurch dog-friendly

http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/business/the-rebuild/9552704/Making-Christchurch-dog-friendly

 

Quatar

Qatari coastal city to double in size but won’t kill the mangroves (photos)

http://www.greenprophet.com/2013/12/qatari-coastal-city-double-killing-mangroves/

 

South Africa

Rebuilding South Africa's cities of the future

http://mg.co.za/article/2014-01-02-rebuilding-south-africas-cities-of-the-future

Introduces the term “telescopic urbanism”

 

United Kingdom

Artificial light in the environment:  DEFRA policy update

http://site.westminster.ac.uk/psc/2014/01/artificial-light-in-the-environment-policy-update/

 

Destruction of ancient woodland 'highly unlikely' under plans to speed the planning process

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25599249

 

Owenstown – a cooperative “garden city” for 5000 people proposed for Lanarkshire

http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/green-living/dreams-of-utopia-in-a-potato-patch-young-families-rush-to-be-part-of-proposed-cooperative-town-with-lowcost-lowcarbon-homes-9039180.html

http://www.owenstown.org/

 

10 Buildings that Changed England and a new book from English Heritage

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/architecture/10549001/englands-best-buildings-top-ten-best-buildings-britain-english-heritage-simon-thurley-westminster-abbey.html

 

London boroughs lose office-to-flat planning battle

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-25463684

 

Urban design brought into focus by Partnership for the Rejuvenation of Maidenhead  as MP Theresa May speaks of Maidenhead's 'bright future'

PRoM chairman Bob Dulson said its aim was to realise the community's ambitions for Maidenhead as a 'destination of choice'.  This could be achieved through projects that reflected residents’ desire for good urban design and high quality architecture.

http://www.maidenhead-advertiser.co.uk/News/Areas/Maidenhead/MP-Theresa-May-speaks-of-Maidenheads-bright-future-23122013.htm

 

England

 

Retail Planning Decisions under the National Planning Policy Framework

-          Sequential test lacks teeth – qualitative rather than quantitative

-          Development plans frequently inadequate

-          Sequential and impact tests are not being recognised as gateways

-          Little new retail development within towns is being achieved

-          The NPPF has not succeeded in achieving increased retail investment in town centres and less out of centre – the reverse has occurred.

9 percent of investment in studies was town centre

14 percent edge of centre

76 percent out of centre

http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b03n3297/PQ_17_An_Arctic_Convoy_Disaster/

 

Allocation of accommodation: guidance for local housing authorities in England

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/allocation-of-accommodation-guidance-for-local-housing-authorities-in-england

 

 

USA

WSDOT Endorses Design Guide To Rethink Streets As More Than Just Roadways

http://www.kplu.org/post/wsdot-endorses-design-guide-rethink-streets-more-just-roadways

Reference is to the new NACTO Urban Street Design Guidance

 

Leadership Shakeup at U.S. DOT: What Will It Mean for Transit and Biking

http://dc.streetsblog.org/2014/01/03/leadership-shakeup-at-u-s-dot-what-will-it-mean-for-transit-and-biking/

 

Research and Policy

 

 

Politics, Philosophy Economics

Walkable Shopping Areas are Good for Business

According to the National Association of Realtors 2013 Community Preference Survey, 60 percent of respondents wanted communities with businesses and recreation that were easily to walk to rather than driving.

Report by Gary Hack, urban design professor at the University of Pennsylvania, notes that many of today's walkable urban shopping areas are prospering.

-          To be successful, walkable retail areas need to cater to diverse needs and reach a critical mass.

-          Successful retail areas encourage multi-purpose trips, which mean offering not only unique local shops but also more generic larger-format outlets and services. One successful strategy is to couple street oriented retail with a shopping center capable of accommodating large grocery, pharmacy, discount and leading brand stores.

-          Rents in walkable shopping areas can be 27-54% higher than in non-walkable areas

-          Where a shopping area develops a unique identity there can be “place dividend” with the area growing to 3 to 4 times as large as would be expected on walking catchment alone.

-          The presence of walkable shopping areas increases nearby housing  values. The increments vary and can be as much as 50%, particularly in denser communities.

http://articles.mcall.com/2014-01-03/features/mc-walkability-sunday-real-estate--0105-20140103_1_walkability-easton-main-street-initiative-valley-community

Summary

http://activelivingresearch.org/walkable-shopping-areas-are-good-business

Full paper  - Business Performance in Walkable Shopping Areas

http://activelivingresearch.org/files/BusinessPerformanceWalkableShoppingAreas_Nov2013.pdf

 

Why high tech companies talk quality cities and urban design but practice something different

http://www.gizmodo.in/design/When-Tech-Culture-And-Urbanism-Collide/articleshow/28301872.cms

 

How Commercial Property Investment in Green Infrastructure Creates Value

http://www.nrdc.org/water/files/commercial-value-green-infrastructure-report.pdf

 

Crowdfunding for art projects may go better where the entrepreneur is the focus of the promotion

http://tinyurl.com/nhxta6v

 

Colliers Predictions in Commercial Real Estate in 2014

http://www.colliers.com/en-us/insights/market-news/2014-commercial-real-estate-predictions#.Us2izLTpxia

 

Deloitte Real Estate predictions for 2014

http://www.deloitterealestate.co.uk/cmspages/getfile.aspx?guid=ebd90fe9-0649-4877-9f5e-937e26a9ce3e

 

Tourism industries in the EU - economic analysis

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Tourism_industries_-_economic_analysis

 

URBACT II EU research programme results

Subjects include

-          Economic Strategies in Medium Size Cities

-          Quality of life in Historic Cities

-          Electric vehicles

http://urbact.eu/fileadmin/general_library/Urbact_Project_Results_web.pdf

 

Urban Land Institute top articles for 2013

http://urbanland.uli.org/news/most-popular-ul-articles-for-2013/?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=magazine&vsmaid=654

Energy and Climate Change

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory diagram of USA energy use 2012

The chart shows how much energy is used in the USA, by which sector and how much is wasted – 61 percent is lost as waste heat.    The largest consuming sector, transportation uses  28 per cent of the USA’s energy and wastes over 80 per cent of it.

https://flowcharts.llnl.gov/content/energy/energy_archive/energy_flow_2012/2012new2012newUSEnergy.png

 

Climate-change scepticism ‘put flood defences at risk’ as UK hit by yet more storms

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/owen-patersons-climate-change-scepticism-has-blinded-him-to-future-flooding-risks-9040033.html

 

Flood-hit UK must prepare for more extreme weather, says UK climate adviser Sir David King

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jan/05/uk-prepare-extreme-we...

 

Future Flooding was published in 2004 under an initiative chaired by Sir David King

http://www.bis.gov.uk/foresight/our-work/projects/published-projects/flood-and-coastal-defence/project-outputs/volume-1

 

Built Environment

“Happy City – Charles Montgomery NY Times article

“If city planners and developers paid more attention to the growing body of knowledge about happiness, they could create cities that enhance the contentment of those who live in them”

-          Shorter commutes

-          Green spaces

-          Informal contact with other people in the neighbourhood

o    Public spaces designed for conviviality

o     

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/05/books/review/charles-montgomerys-happy-city.html?_r=0

 

Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design

http://thehappycity.com/the-happy-city/

 

Theory and Reality and the Post-Sprawl City: Part 3 of a Review of Landscape Urbanism and its Discontents

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/frank-gruber/theory-and-reality-and-th_b_4509069.html

Part 2

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/frank-gruber/campuses-belong-to-the-pe_b_4368369.html

 

It's time to dump the tired argument that density and height are green and sustainable.

http://www.treehugger.com/urban-design/its-time-dump-tired-argument-density-and-height-are-green-and-sustainable.html

 

Skyscrapers Now House Everything From Schools to Cemeteries

http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-12-19/skyscrapers-now-house-everything-from-schools-to-cemeteries

 

How Do You Tell a Whole City to Shush?

http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2013/12/30/urban_noise_pollution_how_do_you_tell_a_whole_city_to_shush.html

Map of Noise Complaints in New York 1922

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/12/30/digital_archives_five_great_historical_sites_of_2013.html

 

How humans made squirrels part of the urban environment

http://nautil.us/blog/how-humans-made-squirrels-a-part-of-the-urban-environment?ico=home^editors_choice

 

We need a Jamie Oliver of architecture to save us from uninspiring design says Living Architecture founder Alain de Botton

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/architecture/we-need-a-jamie-oliver-of-architecture-to-save-us-from-uninspiring-design-says-living-architecture-founder-alain-de-botton-9022994.html

 

Urbanisation in Asia boosts prospect of sustainable growth

http://www.nationmultimedia.com/business/Urbanisation-in-Asia-boosts-pro...

 

Ciclovia: Open Streets Throughout Latin America

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rex-burkholder/ciclovia-open-streets-thr_b_4498710.html

 

A Look at Parklets

http://la.streetsblog.org/2013/12/19/a-look-at-parklets-from-the-l-a-forum-l-a-interrupted/

 

Building Technology Trends

Modular buildings, prefabs, smart keys and locks, crowdsourcing and the use of data.

http://www.building4change.com/page.jsp?id=2147

 

Chartered Institute of Housing – Where is Housing heading – Policy Essays

http://www.cih.org/policyessays

 

Eco City Frameworks – a listing of 43 different schemes  produced by the University of Westminster

https://www.westminster.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/278400/Eco-City-Frameworks-Global-Overview-WEBPUBLICATION-December-13.pdf?utm_source=Eco-cities&utm_campaign=c602a44b97-Eco_cities-february&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_381f89faa9-c602a44b97-320811069#

 

Movement

Cyclist Death Crashes: Just One In 10 Drivers Jailed

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/40-cyclists-killed-4-drivers-jailed-exclusive-investigation-reveals-only-one-in-10-drivers-are-jailed-after-being-involved-in-cyclist-death-9034187.html

 

Road Diets in Long Beach

Examples of reallocating road space include:

-          Protected cycle lanes

-          Chevron parking instead of parallel parking

All of which can be achieved at the cost of road paint

http://lbpost.com/place/design/2000003197-road-diets-of-recent-long-beach-past

 

And for anyone who has yet to see it- bike lanes by Casey Neistat

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzE-IMaegzQ

 

Autonomous Vehicle Technology: A Guide for Policymakers,

http://www.rand.org/news/press/2014/01/06.html

Full report

http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR443.html

 

Drivers engaged tasks other than driving about 10 percent of the time

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/jan2014/nichd-01.htm

 

European Commission Report – on European attitudes to Urban Mobiilty

http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_406_en.pdf

 

Expanding Airport Capacity under Constraints in Large Urban Areas

http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/jtrc/RoundTables/2013-Expanding-Airport-Capacity/index.html

 

Wirelessly charged electric buses set for Milton Keynes

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-25621426

Humans, Health, Society

Up to 49 percent of US males arrested by age of 23

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-01/uosc-sho010314.php

 

Lack of sleep may promote neurodegenerative processes

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-12/uu-stp122913.php