Urban landscape's power to hurt or heal

Research shows that street furniture, barriers, parks, public spaces and neighbourhood architecture can stir up powerful emotions in local residents. This should be taken into account in programmes designed to reduce tensions and foster community cohesion.

Four cities - Amsterdam, Beirut, Belfast and Berlin were chosen as the location of the research as each has a different social history and underlying tensions. The project was undertaken by Dr Ralf Brand of the University of Manchester and was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-and-events/press-releases/20810/urban-landscapes-power-to-hurt-or-heal.aspx

For the 20 main recommendations - see the website below:

http://www.urbanpolarisation.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=73&Itemid=85&lang=en